Strategic Planning Models and Public Sector Governance

Author: Barbara Flemming

University of the Virgin Islands, United States.


Traditionally, the evolutionary process has catapulted “from long range planning to strategic planning in the 1960s, from strategic planning to strategic management in the 1980s and from strategic management to strategic leadership in the 1990 (Taylor, 1997). However, the planning, organizing, and strategizing that form the foundation of strategic planning must be related to the various theoretical constructs that is behind the concept of strategy (Rudd, Greenly, Beatson & Lings, 2008). Wright, Pringle & Kroll (1994) introduced the theories behind the various business strategic models by articulating that strategic management is always evolving and hinges upon a variety of theoretical frameworks. Following a critical review of seminal studies relevant to strategic management, this paper presents a framework depicting an analysis of the role of planning as an essential part of organizational strategy. It looks at the theoretical constructs that contributed to the field of strategic management. A comparison was made of the strategic planning models that were developed over the past 50 years. The paper examines the implications of the strategic model (s) to determine an appropriate framework that would be most effective in public organizations.